Chetan Mittal
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Chetan Mittal Dev - Tech Blog


Top 50 Best Practices to Follow while Building Web Applications in NodeJS

This article lists the 50 best practices you can follow while developing web applications in NodeJS

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Chetan Mittal
·May 6, 2023·

5 min read

Top 50 Best Practices to Follow while Building Web Applications in NodeJS
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A majority of the web applications were developed in PERL, PHP, ASP, and other frameworks such as Ruby on Rails before the introduction of NodeJS.

Launched in 2009 by a Ruby developer, Ryan Dahl, to execute Javascript code outside the browser, NodeJS gained instant popularity and quick adoption by developers to develop server-side applications in Javascript.

I have listed the top 50 NodeJS web development best practices, such as best practices for NodeJS app security, etc.

Which are the Top 50 Best Practices for Developing NodeJS Projects?

Below are the top 50 best practices which you can follow during your NodeJS web application development:-

  1. Follow modular programming principles and write modular code by using the CommonJS module pattern.

  2. Use a package manager like npm to manage dependencies.

  3. Use environment variables to store sensitive information such as API keys and database credentials.

  4. Use a linter like ESLint to maintain code quality and consistency.

  5. Use a logging framework like Winston or Bunyan to log application events and errors.

  6. Use a configuration management system like nconf or dotenv to manage application configurations.

  7. Use a testing framework like Mocha or Jest to write and run tests.

  8. Use a code coverage tool like Istanbul to track code coverage.

  9. Use a debugging tool like Node Inspector or Chrome DevTools to debug your code.

  10. Use a profiling tool like Node-Prof or Clinic.js to identify performance bottlenecks.

  11. Use a caching framework like Redis or Memcached to cache frequently accessed data.

  12. Use a load balancer like Nginx or HAProxy to distribute incoming requests.

  13. Use a reverse proxy like Nginx or Apache to serve static files.

  14. Use a secure socket layer (SSL) certificate to secure communication with clients.

  15. Use a content delivery network (CDN) like CloudFlare to serve static assets.

  16. Use compression middleware like Gzip to reduce the size of HTTP responses.

  17. Use rate-limiting middleware like Express Rate Limit to protect against DDoS attacks.

  18. Use a web application firewall like ModSecurity to protect against common web attacks.

  19. Use an API gateway like Kong or Apigee to manage API traffic and security.

  20. Use a message queue like RabbitMQ or Kafka for asynchronous communication between services.

  21. Use a process manager like PM2 to manage Node.js processes in production.

  22. Use an error monitoring tool like Sentry or Rollbar to track and analyze application errors.

  23. Use a performance monitoring tool like Scout APM to monitor and optimize application performance in production.

  24. Use a containerization platform like Docker to package and deploy applications.

  25. Use a single responsibility principle (SRP) to ensure that each module or function is responsible for a single task.

  26. Use dependency injection to make modules more reusable and easier to test.

  27. Use middleware to handle cross-cutting concerns like authentication and logging.

  28. Use promises or async/await syntax to write asynchronous code in a more readable and manageable way.

  29. Use the Event-Driven Architecture (EDA) pattern to build highly scalable and loosely coupled systems.

  30. Use the Circuit Breaker pattern to prevent cascading failures and improve the fault tolerance of your system.

  31. Use a database connection pool to manage database connections efficiently.

  32. Use a session store like Redis or MongoDB to store session data in a scalable way.

  33. Use an object-relational mapping (ORM) framework like Sequelize or TypeORM to interact with the database.

  34. Use a schema validation library like Joi or Yup to validate incoming data and prevent injection attacks.

  35. Use a task queue like Bull or Bee-Queue to handle background jobs and offload work from the main thread.

  36. Use a process manager like systemd or PM2 to ensure that your application restarts automatically in case of a crash.

  37. Use a security auditing tool like Node Security Platform or Snyk to scan for vulnerabilities in your dependencies.

  38. Use a static code analysis tool like SonarQube to identify and fix issues in your code.

  39. Use a Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) pipeline to automate the deployment process and ensure a consistent and reliable release process.

  40. Use a monitoring and alerting system like Prometheus or Grafana to monitor application performance and send alerts in case of issues.

  41. Use a distributed tracing system like Jaeger or Zipkin to track and analyze requests across multiple services.

  42. Use a Content Security Policy (CSP) to mitigate the risk of cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.

  43. Use a JSON Web Token (JWT) for authentication and authorization.

  44. Use a load-testing tool like Artillery or k6 to simulate heavy traffic and stress-test your application, identifying performance issues and ensuring that your application can handle a high volume of requests.

  45. Use the Strategy design pattern to decouple authentication and authorization logic from your application logic.

  46. Use the Node.js Cluster module to take advantage of multi-core CPUs, improving performance by creating multiple child processes that share the same server port.

  47. Use the Node.js Buffer module to handle binary data efficiently, improving performance when working with large files or streams.

  48. Use the Node.js Streams API to handle large amounts of data efficiently, avoiding unnecessary memory usage and improving performance.

  49. Use the Node.js Event Loop to handle asynchronous operations efficiently, avoiding blocking code and improving performance.

  50. Use the Node.js Crypto module to encrypt sensitive data like passwords, protecting them from unauthorized access.

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